Article: Creating a drowning chain of survival
Author: Szpilman D, et al.
Journal: Resuscitation, July 2014
Many folks are familiar with the Cardiac Chain of Survival, a teaching tool used to simplify and visually depict the most important steps to take to improve survival in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. It makes sense then that drowning, its own disease entity with its own important steps in treatment, could use its own chain of survival. Since 2002, when the Congress on Drowning called for a more standardized definition and reporting of drowning, the development of a drowning chain of survival has been evolving.
During the 2013 Conference on Drowning Prevention in Potsdam, Germany, we had the pleasure of participating in a workshop with the best and the brightest in international drowning prevention and treatment to create the final graphic image and descriptions for the chain. This month, Dr David Szpilman was lead author on a paper in Resuscitation describing the Drowning Chain of Survival.
Summary of chain links
- Prevent Drowning
- Stay within arms reach of children
- Swim in waters guarded by lifeguards
- Recognize distress
- Learn subtle signs of drowning
- Call for help
- Provide flotation
- Avoid entering the water unless trained to do so
- Throw floating object to victim
- Remove from water
- Attempt to instruct victim on returning to shore
- Reach, throw, row to victim
- Provide care as needed
- If not breathing, start CPR including ventilations
- Consider oxygen and AED if available
- Seek medical attention if any symptoms present
It was very interesting to be a part of these discussions and I am excited to see them released in a major journal. People from every different level of training and experience had different things they wanted to highlight, but in the end, I think this chain provides a sound foundation for public and basic lifeguard/medical training. Keep this in mind, share it with others, and save a life.
Download open source version of article
Szpilman D, et al. Creating a drowning chain of survival. Resuscitation (2014),
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.resuscitation.2014.05.034. (Link to abstract)