Monday, September 24, 2012

2002 World Congress on Drowning Recommendations

As an inaugural post, we will start out with the landmark meeting of the World Congress on Drowning in Amsterdam in 2002.  If you are visiting this site you are probably familiar with (and may even have attended) this meeting.  During this meeting, the congress developed recommendations with the focus of standardizing the definition and reporting of drowning around the world

A quick synopsis of the recommendations:

A universal standard definition for drowning was established:

Drowning is the process of experiencing respiratory impairment from submersion/immersion in liquid.

Once it is determined a drowning incident has occurred, there are 3 possible outcomes:
  1. Morbidity
  2. No morbidity
  3. Mortality
A great article by Idris et al in 2005 outlined these recommendations and provided sample data collection sheet based on them

There are many articles which provide evidence to support the importance of establishing a standard definition for drowning, one of our favorites being by Papa et al (2005), which highlights the amount of variation present within the research world when it comes to defining  exactly what is meant by the term "drowning".